According to a recent report by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, the number of graduates per year of the basic sciences subjects has increased from 17,000 in 2012-13 to almost 11,000 in 2015-16. The report further indicates that about 2,000 students have come through the post graduate programs.
Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are a diverse and often microscopic group of organisms which include bacteria, archaea, and fungi. It is a branch of biology which deals with the study of the molecular and cellular basis for microorganisms. More specifically, it is the study of the smallest biological systems such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, algae and other single-celled organisms.
You might think that a career in microbiology would be difficult to land in India for people from outside. But the truth is that India has a rich pool of talented microbiologists who have been trained and employed in various academic institutions. They have been quite successful in various industries like pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, biotechnology and medical devices.
The medical field is one of the main careers for people with medical degrees. Not only physicians, but also microbiologists play an important role in the diagnosis and prevention of diseases. A person in the microbiology program studies the function and structure of plants, animals, cells, pathogens and toxins, and plant tissues. In the past few decades, microbiology has gained tremendous popularity among young people. There is no doubt that the country’s health care system needs a young and talented generation of microbiologists with in-depth knowledge in their respective fields. Microbiologists work not only in the health sector, but also in research companies, the food industry and the Ministry of Agriculture. In this article, you should know about the admission criteria, top institutes, job prospects, career opportunities and prospects of microbiology course. Full details of the microbiology programme can be found here.
Who is a microbiologist?
Microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms using a microscope. This is a broad field that includes several areas such as parasitology, mycology, virology and bacteriology. Microorganisms include viruses, bacteria, fungi and others. These microorganisms are small and invisible to the naked eye. So someone who specializes in microbiology is called a microbiologist. Microbiologists are professionals who study infectious diseases. He or she also studies the relationship of bacteria and viruses to humans and other organisms. They are trained in special techniques that allow them to identify harmful and non-harmful bacteria in the human body. To become a microbiologist, one must have sufficient knowledge in the field of biology.
Duties and responsibilities of the microbiologist
The microbiologist plays an important role in medicine and has the following main tasks
- A microbiologist is a qualified scientist who deals with culture, physiological and morphological descriptions.
- He or she is specially trained to provide health services, such as diagnosis and treatment of patients in the health service.
- He can use a microscope to distinguish and find microorganisms in water, food, people and food samples.
- Microbiologist to monitor the health status of agents/patients.
- Microbiologists study the use of microorganisms and bacteria to produce antibiotics, vaccines, amino acids, polymers and vitamins.
- Find the interactions between diseases and microorganisms.
- and the effects of antibiotics on bacteria and fungi.
- Make recommendations based on the examinations and prepare a medical-technical report.
- Try to find out which products and procedures are leading in the administration of food and medicines.
- Technical skills in the operation of specialized instruments and equipment such as gas chromatography, microscopes and high pressure liquid chromatography.
- The microbiologist mainly focuses on the observational part, such as dead organic material, plant tissues, microorganisms, etc.
- A microbiologist can experiment with food particles, water and the environment to find bacteria and other harmful microorganisms.
- He can study the structure and function of human, animal and plant tissues, cells, pathogens and toxins.
These are the main tasks a microbiologist should focus on. Remember that these are just the most important ones, there are many other roles that the microbiologist plays in his work.
What are the basic requirements to work as a microbiologist?
To become a microbiologist in India, you need to meet certain qualification requirements which we have listed below. Academic Qualification: Here are some UG, PG and M.Phil programs you can consider to become a microbiologist. For undergraduate programs : (Undergraduate Microbiology)
- Candidates must 10. + 2. Scientific class examination, taken by a recognized institution. Candidates must study PCB (physics, chemistry and biology) in high school.
- Candidates must score 50% or above in class 12.
- There is no special entrance exam for the bachelor program.
For postgraduate courses : (Master of Science in Microbiology)
- To be admitted to the MSc Microbiology programme, candidates must hold a Bachelor’s degree in Microbiology/Zoology/Biology from a recognised university/college/institute. Botany is a required course for the doctoral program.
- The minimum cumulative grade for admission to the M.Sc. The microbiology program is 60%, but this may vary by college or university.
For doctoral and master’s degrees :
- A candidate with a master’s degree in a field may be enrolled in courses at the doctor of philosophy and master of philosophy levels.
- He or she must earn a grade of 60% or higher in the graduate course.
Admission exams : Most undergraduate programs are conducted on a merit list basis. Admission to postgraduate, master and doctoral programmes takes place by means of entrance exams. Some universities and colleges offer direct admission. On the other hand, universities that specifically recruit biology students offer admission based on the following entrance exams. List of entrance exams for the Microbiology Degree Program –
- AMUEEE – Entrance exam for engineers at Aligarh Muslim University
- LPUNEST – Law and scholarship exam at Lovely Vocational University
- HPU MAT – Management Entrance Examination in Himachal Pradesh University
- Assam CEE – Assam Common Entrance Examination
- IISc – International Council for Social Sciences
List of entrance exams for the Master of Science in Microbiology program :
- KIITEE – Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination
- KSOU – Karnataka State Open University
- Shimla University Entrance Test – Himachal Pradesh, Shimla Msc Entrance Test
- HNBGU – Hemawati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University Entrance Test
Other national entrance exams for admission to the Master of Science in Microbiology program:
- CSIR NET Exam
- Common entrance exam for interdisciplinary biology and life sciences (JGEEBILS)
- AICE JRF/SRF(PGS) – India-wide recruitment competition
- Indian Council of Medical Research – Junior Research Fellowship (ICMRE- JRF)
- GRE/TOEFL/IELTS examinations
- ARS – Agricultural Research Service
- University entrance exams for doctorates. – POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE
- DBT-BET Research
- Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Revision
What are the most important topics/topics to read about to become a microbiologist?
At the beginning of this article, we mentioned that you should familiarize yourself with the undergraduate and graduate programs to become a microbiologist. The main topics and themes covered in this specialization are listed below. Undergraduate microbiology course curriculum. Students who want to become microbiologists can choose a bachelor’s degree in microbiology. The theme of this stream will be During the first year :
- Introduction to biology
- Information Systems
- Creative writing
- Introduction to microbiology
- Microbial ecology
- Cultural education II
- Molecular biology
- Analytical Biochemistry
- Biology of heredity
- Cell Biology
- Enzymatic technology
- Physiology of micro-organisms
- Food Microbiology
- Biology of heredity, etc.
- Environmental and agricultural microbiology
- Research methodology
- Industrial Microbiology
- Recombinant DNA technology
- Medical Bacteriology
- Project work
M.Sc Mirco Biology Course Syllabus – (in English) After completing the bachelor’s degree, students can opt for a master’s program. The curriculum for microbiology courses for the next four semesters is as follows. Semester 1:
- Molecular biology
- Metabolism of micro-organisms
- Microbial diversity
- Laboratory work
- Phycology and mycology
- DNA technology
- Laboratory work
- Infectious immunity and diagnosis
- Environmental Microbiology and Waste Management
- Intellectual property rights and ethical issues
- Genomics of microorganisms
- Host-pathogen interactions
- Food Microbiology
- Fermentation technology
- Essay-II (DSE)
Major topics in microbiology:
Apart from studying the syllabus, there are many other niches that can be explored during the course. The two courses cover the following topics
- Pathogenicity and virulence
- Antimicrobial resistance
- Environmental Microbiology
- Biotechnology and synthetic biology
- Food Microbiology
If you complete your education at a reputed institution in India, your chances of getting a good job are higher. There are many colleges that offer undergraduate and graduate programs, but choosing a reputable college will be a good choice for your career.
What is the best college/university/institution to study microbiology in India?
In India, several private and public universities and institutes offer undergraduate and postgraduate programs in microbiology. Below is a list of the best colleges.
- President’s College, Chennai
- Madras Christian College, Chennai
- Chandigarh University, Chandigarh
- Ferguson College, Pune
- Xavier College, Kolkata
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi, Jaipur)
- Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education, Lucknow
- Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
- Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
- University of Solana, Solana
- GITAM Institute of Science, Vishakhapatnam
- Amity University, Noida
These are the best private schools/institutes that offer microbiology courses. You can easily find the official website of these colleges and apply.
Other activities of the microbiologist
A microbiologist is needed for various tasks. The following are the professional positions that a microbiologist can perform after completing a microbiology degree.
- Food Technologist – The food technologist plays an important role in the manufacturing industry. This specialist allows for the modification of the production and manufacturing process of food products. He or she is responsible for the production of safe and fresh food.
- Research Assistant – A research assistant is an assistant to the senior microbiologist. They can take on different tasks, such as. B. The study of microorganisms and their relationship with human beings, the search for alternative therapies for diseases, etc. These types of microbiologists work under the direction of senior researchers in various fields.
- Biomedical Scientist – He or she may have been specially trained to diagnose and research various diseases.
- Environmental Microbiologist – This category of microbiologist studies microorganisms that stay alive in non-natural environments.
- Clinical and Veterinary Microbiologist – A person who specializes in the study of microorganisms in animals is called a veterinary microbiologist.
- Industrial Microbiologist – These professionals are trained in the conceptual knowledge of science and technology and in microbial research. Microbiologists study animal and plant cells that can be used to make effective products.
- Pharmacologist – these professionals are trained in a specific area of research, for example. B. Toxicology, pharmacokinetics, etc.
There is no doubt that these are familiar job descriptions that a microbiologist receives after graduation. Keep in mind that microbiologists have many other jobs and career opportunities are excellent due to high demand in recent years.
Vacancies for microbiologists
Microbiology is a broad field that encompasses a variety of scientific areas. So there are jobs available for microbiologists in different industries. You can find jobs in the private and public sectors. Candidates have to pass entrance exams to get work in the public sector. A qualified microbiologist can earn a lucrative salary. The following are some of the industries mentioned that will be hiring microbiologists.
- Chemical Industry
- Agricultural field
- Food industry
- Beverage industry
- Environmental protection agencies
- Private hospitals
- Pharmaceutical industry
- Research facilities
Of the major career fields for microbiologists, the above ten positions are very reliable for a solid career. No one would want to work for a company that doesn’t offer a microbiologist advancement opportunities. So you need to choose the right activity sector according to your interests and your education.
Salary packages for microbiologists
Salary package varies according to experience and responsibility factor. Here are the top four salary opportunities for a microbiologist -.
- Microbiologist – minimum salary of $1,50,000 per year; maximum salary of $8,000 per year.
- Biomedical Scientist – minimum salary 3,00,000 per year; maximum salary 5,00,000 per year.
- Food Technologist – minimum salary 3,00,000 per year; maximum salary 5,00,000 per year.
- Industrial Microbiologist – minimum salary 1,50,000; maximum salary 5,00,000 per year.
Top 7 Microbiologist Recruitment Agencies
There is no doubt that India is developing at a rapid pace and many companies are offering jobs for microbiologists. If you are interested in a job in this sector and want to work for a reputable company, our list of the best companies will be helpful. Here are some of the major agencies that hire microbiologists.
- Lakshmi Life Sciences Limited
- The Indian Hotels Company Limited
- Siron Technology Private Limited
- Talisman International
- Alpha Pharma Healthcare India Private Limited
- Krauter Healthcare Limited
We hope the above information will help you navigate properly. To become a microbiologist in India, candidates have to apply themselves to the subject of biology, after working on technical and medical skills. By working with equipment and years of experience, you can achieve significant growth in the areas of your choice.Do you want to become a microbiologist in India? If yes, then here are the steps you need to follow:. Read more about b.sc microbiology salary in india per month and let us know what you think.
Frequently Asked Questions
What qualifications do you need to be a microbiologist?
There is a huge demand for professional microbiologists in India. As per the latest survey conducted by Society of Microbiology and International Society of Applied Microbiology in association with IIM-Ahmedabad, Delhi, Kolkata and Bangalore, there is over 2.6 lakh salary demand for microbiologists in India. Microbiology is the study of microscopic life, which includes bacteria, fungi, and all viruses. At the heart of microbiology is the work of the microorganism, which consists of all the processes that individual cells and organisms use to survive. There are basically three groups of microorganisms that play a vital role in our lives: bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Is microbiology a good career in India?
When it comes to choosing a career path, picking the right college or university can be extremely important. After all, it’s where you’ll spend a large chunk of your life, so you should be able to select a college that’s really going to cater to your personal interests and needs. When it comes to microbiology, it’s easy to see why it would be a good decision for someone to choose this field of science. Microbiologists are the experts in a field that has the most obvious application for everyday life. From the food you eat, to the medicine you take, to the products you use, microbes play an essential role in how we interact with the world. Becoming a microbiologist is a challenging job. That said, there are a lot of career options available in this field in India. While the job comes with a lot of perks, it also requires a lot of dedication and hard work. Fewer people are opting for this field instead of opting for more common jobs, such as an MD or a lawyer. But, are you one of them?
Does microbiology have scope in India?
As scientists, we spend a lot of time working in labs. But there’s an important part of our job that few people think about – the great outdoors. Yes, the outdoors. What’s out there in the wild, right now, in our own backyards? Because of the growing level of concern with the close interaction between the human and natural world, scientists and others have developed an interest in understanding the role of microbes in the environment. This is one of the reasons that microbiologists are increasingly in demand. If you’re interested in pursuing a career as a microbiologist, you need to know how to get a job in this field. First, it’s important to understand exactly what a microbiologist does. The job of a microbiologist involves the study of microscopic organisms and the process by which they are able to grow in living things. A microbiologist is responsible for the development of new antibiotics, which are drugs that can be used to treat various infections.
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